Ergonomics is the science of arrangement and designing workspaces, systems, and products so that people who use them can do so safely. Tweaking the looks of your workspace(in terms of equipment placement and furniture positioning), and another aspect of work to suit the workers’ physical requirement and also provide comfortability is the true essence of ergonomics. Instead of forcing workers to adapt to jobs, it is best to let the jobs suit them.
Why have an ergonomically structured work Environment
Many companies of different sizes and industries are beginning to come to the realization of the benefits of an ergonomically structured business environment. When workers are more comfortable at work, health care costs borne by the company is reduced because they (the workers) are always fit; workers are motivated to work and thereby curb absenteeism, and there is also the place of increased productivity.
Here are some Key adoptions for workplaces to consider:
Appropriate working position
If you are looking to create an ergonomic work station, the first thing to consider is the position to be assumed by each worker. A neutral body position is recommended for all workers. If the worker will be in sitting position, ensure that the hands, wrists, and forearms are straight and parallel to the ground while the head is forward facing and level.
Bear in mind too that the chair is high enough so that the two feet are comfortably placed on the floor. For workers that will assume standing positions, the upright standing position is recommended while arms and wrists are in a normal stance.
Reduction of Cyclical Processes
Stress may be inevitable in a situation where a move is repeated continuously over time, even with a structured ergonomic procedure in place. In order to reduce the chances of potential injury as a result of stress from repeated moves, workers should be allowed to perform tasks different from the ones they have been performing before or be asked to do what they have been doing in another way. This may even be for a short period of time. The aim is to ease or relax the tissues that are stressed because of constant usage.
Intermittent moving around
A worker should not be allowed to stay in a particular position for too long. If he is standing, allow him to sit for a while for relaxation. If he works in the office and always sitting, let him take a few minutes out of the chair from time to time.
There are various items that could make the working environment more comfortable. These items are categorized as ergonomic accessories or equipment. They include but not limited to; headrests, footrests, balance ball chair, and hand rest. All of this should be factored into creating an ergonomic workspace
General Environmental Set Up
The general outlook and outlay of an office environment speak volume of how ergonomic the environment is. The general environmental set up is composed of the lightning of the office, the temperature, humidity and layout of furniture and equipment. The availability of other things such as office kitchen or dining area and conventional materials such as water dispensers too are not left out.